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11-year-old Brooke Raboutou is a rock climbing phenom who regularly breaks world records on elite bouldering and sport climbs once thought impossible for someone her age. With two former world champion climbers for parents and coaches, Brooke’s pedigree is unmatched. Now she has set her sights on pushing both herself and the climbing world to even greater heights.

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Mission Blue tells the story of world-renowned oceanographer Sylvia Earle as she travels the globe on an urgent mission to shed light on the dire condition of Earth’s oceans.

The Netflix, Mission Blue Film offers a 360-view not only of what’s happened to our oceans over the last decades, but also of Dr. Sylvia Earle’s quest to raise awareness in the global public about ocean decline. As we all know, it’s not Dr. Earle’s style to leave her supporters despondent and hopeless about the future of the ocean. Indeed, the film reaffirms the straightforward approach of creating a global network of marine parks “Hope Spots” — large enough to save the ocean, Earth’s blue heart.

So get to a television or computer today, tune in to Netflix and watch the Mission Blue Film! Afterwards, make sure to engage us on social media using the hashtag #missionblue or on our website and let us know what you think. If, after seeing the film, you’d like to join the Mission Blue movement, visit:

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Networks to Knowledge, LinkedIn is more than a mechanism for professional identity it is a catalyst for knowledge growth, mentorship and inspiration.

LinkedIn Influencers blog connects luminaries with knowledge seekers. Their networking platform connects talent with opportunity, in a diverse, integrative manner that presents boundless possibility.

Innovation and interests change the narrative of profiles and project prospects, making it easier to discover unique opportunities that align with your skill and values.

Meaningful contribution, is viable through LinkedIn’s vision as is creating, defining and discovering your dream job. LinkedIn is a tool to leverage global inspiration, purpose and passion!

This video offers an overview of LinkedIn’s potential, but there is more to discover at:

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With his pictures, photographer Jimmy Nelson documented 35 unique tribes in 44 countries around the world. He shares his stories about the connections he made and the lessons he has learned from these travels.

The British travel photographer started his career in 1987 by traversing the length of Tibet on foot. From that moment on Jimmy Nelson set out to document the world’s last indigenous cultures, which are rapidly disappearing. He accumulated images of remote and unique cultures photographed with a traditional 50-year-old plate camera. He became a guest of 35 secluded and visually unique tribes in order to document this all in his book Before they Pass Away, an ongoing project to record the cultures of isolated tribes.

Discover a world of culture:

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Actress Wendie Malick wants us all to recognize the wild “pockets of wonder” around us and to experience these places in rejuvenating ways. She leads us into California’s Santa Monica Mountains and recalls how, as a child, she revered the forest as “a cathedral of trees.”

Inspired by Wendie’s call to find our “pockets of wonder,” The Wilderness Society created a list of 10 wild places worth experiencing and protecting.

Checkout 10 Pockets of Wonder at:

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Our curiosity to explore reaches new depths in DEEPSEA CHALLENGE 3D.

The film due out in US cinemas this August, takes audiences on a riveting journey of deep sea exploration. Join film director and National Geographic explorer-in-residence, James Cameron as he dives to the bottom of the Mariana Trench.


Today’s special guest contributor is well known for his ancestral approach to health and fitness. Mark Sisson, a former professional triathlete and coach, has spent much of his life researching and applying new strategies to improve performance. Through a desire to mitigate prevailing ailments and afflictions in an athlete, Mark began exploring evolutionary science and it’s relationship to human health and performance. The result of this was, one of the most popular and resource rich websites on ‘Primal Living’. As a pioneer of this fast growing movement, we asked Mark to trace the path of primal culture, identifying the catalysts that have helped inform and influence it’s training styles and health practices…

Primal living is everywhere now. Ancestral health, paleo diet, barefoot running, gluten-free, standup workstations, CrossFit – these are staples among the health conscious. Most restaurants have dairy-free, gluten-free options, if not entire menus. Paleo restaurants abound. But it wasn’t always like this. Back in 2006 when I started writing my blog – Mark’s Daily Apple – the average person had no clue about the Primal lifestyle. Those of us who espoused it were fringe characters, radicals on street corners with cardboard signs. But sometimes those crazy guys on the street aren’t so crazy. Sometimes they’re right.

I can remember being out to dinner with people who’d ask why I wasn’t eating the bread. My wife and I would exchange a look, she’d sit back, roll her eyes as if to say “Here we go…” and I’d launch into my spiel. But once they’d heard and over the course of a dinner carefully considered it, the notion of a biologically appropriate way of eating, exercising, and living for humans made intuitive sense. By the time the check had arrived, most of the people at the table who’d been asking the questions were vowing to give the lifestyle a trial run. And that’s why I knew that this was big and would only grow as time went on: it worked, it made sense, and once a person discovered that, they’d fall all over themselves to tell others about it. Primal living had a life of its own. It was a self-perpetuating, viral spark.

As sparks do, the movement grew.

2007 saw the release of Gary Taubes’ Good Calories, Bad Calories, a powerful rebuke of decades of flawed government advice on nutrition, dietary fat, and disease. Taubes showed that the campaign against saturated fat and cholesterol was founded on flawed pseudoscience, and that the weight of the actual evidence suggested that animal fat and protein were benign and perhaps even essential to human health. The basic Primal postulate – that humans evolved eating ample amounts of animal fat and protein, and probably still should – had been vindicated in a widely-read treatise on modern science.

In 2009, after a few years of steadily growing readership, I self-published The Primal Blueprint. The book laid out, in plain terms, the health philosophy I’d spent the last couple decades discovering, developing, and refining. It quickly became a best-seller and, along with Robb Wolf’s The Paleo Solution the following year, helped establish the Primal movement as a legitimate force in the health sphere.

In 2010, we put on the very first PrimalCon in Oxnard, CA, a weekend gathering of Primal health and fitness experts and enthusiasts. It was informative, and the food was great, and everyone learned a lot about living and moving healthfully, but that wasn’t the most important aspect of the weekend. Dozens of people who’d always been the weird one at the dinner party or the gym or the night out with friends, the oddball eating salad instead of pizza, finally felt at home. They didn’t have to explain themselves. They’d found a tribe.

In 2011, the inaugural Ancestral Health Symposium was held at UCLA: a conference of academics, doctors, health practitioners, bloggers, authors, fitness trainers, and enthusiasts devoted to discovering the ways our ancestral traditions and evolutionary history inform and explain modern day health matters. Dozens of formal talks were given; dozens more sprung up informally in the halls. At one of the premier academic institutions in the country, the ancestral health movement had arrived.

After self-publishing several more books, I decided to start publishing other authors who wanted to spread the Primal word but didn’t care to submit to the limits of traditional big name publishing houses.

More PrimalCons every year, too, including in Tulum, Mexico; South Lake Tahoe, CA; and Mohonk, NY. More Ancestral Health Symposiums, more Google searches, more blog visitors. Fewer dumbfounded looks when you tell someone “I don’t eat grains or refined sugar, and I like to walk barefoot.”

I’ve always tried to write with clarity and simplicity so that anyone who reads my books and blogs, and felt moved, could explain to their friends, family, and colleagues just what they found so engaging. And as I said earlier, it’s worked quite well; the Primal concept is simple, intuitive, and fairly easy to explain. That the diet and exercise and everything else actually work doesn’t hurt either.

But we needed a stable framework for information dissemination. We needed this because many Primal enthusiasts involved in healthcare and the fitness industry would email us every day asking for one. They’re chiros and MDs and dietitians, coaches and trainers and massage therapists, yoga instructors and midwives. And maybe they’re just regular folks who are really, really enthusiastic about the health benefits of a biologically appropriate lifestyle and want to help the people they care about get the same results. Whatever their background, they wanted to help people join the Primal movement and they needed a comprehensive, structured guide to convincing the uninitiated and converting the dubious.

Now, in 2014, the release of the Primal Blueprint Expert Certification program marks the latest – and dare I say most important – development in the evolution of the Primal movement. A rigorous, intensive educational program similar in difficulty and intensity to an upper division level college course, the “Cert” prepares health and fitness professionals and motivated laypeople to deliver lasting change to clients, friends and family.

I’m incredibly excited to see what the future brings and to see the movement grow. Modern life has made us unhealthy, but it doesn’t have to be that way. Nor will it.


Pure Paleo

Evolution is dominating interest in food culture these days with Paleo incarnations at the fore.

For those unfamiliar with ‘Paleo’ it is in essence the advocation of unprocessed, whole foods devoid of inflammatory culprits such as sugar, soy and grains. The science behind the movement has gained notable attention in medicine, performance and ageing forums as ancestral studies continue to deepen our intuitive knowledge of health and fitness. Through a process of elimination the simple laws of Paleo have helped identify the role of insulin, fats, and other nutrients in autoimmune and metabolic diseases.

How a botched batch of biscuits became a bespoke breakfast based on Paleo…

When Emma Risvanis was diagnosed with Hashimoto’s, an autoimmune disease affecting thyroid function, she decided to eliminate gluten, sugar and processed foods from her diet, taking it right back to basics. Emma eventually realised the paleo (caveman) lifestyle. Over the years, she was able to manage her disease without medication and drastically improve the health of her whole family, who also follow the same clean eating principles.

It was a failed attempt at making paleo biscuits that inspired the creation of a bespoke breakfast muesli ‘Pure Paleo’. “The biscuits kept crumbling when I popped them out of the tray,” explains Emma. “I detest wastage so ate it anyway. It tasted great and looked like toasted muesli.” Muesli was one of the foods Emma missed since starting her paleo journey. She made another batch of muesli, this time intentionally, and refined the recipe. The biggest test was the family—they loved it. Soon friends were asking for it too. And so Paleo Pure was born.

Now, Emma and childhood friend Nicole DiPietro-Case bake batches of their base recipe in a variety of combinations (including fructose/fruit free). The range is the only oven baked grain free muesli on the market. True to paleo values it is gluten free, refined sugar free, organic and is loaded with healthy fats from the coconut oil and quality nuts and seeds—perfect for those avoiding processed, refined, sugar laden foods.

Our Verdict: Pure Paleo has all the crumble and crunch of homemade cookies—satisfying cereal lovers, cave-man style!

Embracing Paleo, Emma’s Insights…

I have adapted a paleo lifestyle now, but we did start out slowly and for a couple of years it was probably more primal. We were still eating bio dynamic cheese and cream mainly because of the high fat content. It started with me really, and what I buy and cook flows down to the rest of the family. I started by quitting sugar, for health reasons – mainly well being and weight loss after learning what it does to your body. I had also been diagnosed with postpartum Hashimotos and had started to learn about how eating gluten can cause more stress on an already over loaded thyroid, so at the same time I eliminated gluten and refined sugar. After six weeks, I had lost about five kilos and five centimetres from around my waist, the hips and my back. I basically got my shape back. I started to sleep well, my skin looked better and I generally just felt like a better version of myself. Being a mum and a wife, I cook most days. I started to research “gluten free” recipes and kept coming across the work “paleo”. I really started to delve into this world and it really struck a chord with me. I started to look at food as fuel more than anything else and tried to find gluten free alternatives for the things we liked to eat as a family. Following that mantra of “just eat real food” I find myself leading a paleo lifestyle, cooking simple meals that are packed with nutrients and good fats and that are easy to prepare. About 6 months ago, we also quit dairy.

Shifting to a paleo diet means changing the way you think about food. How did that shift in mindfulness come about for you? 
I think for me when you start learning about how your body processes food and what it needs to function you very quickly realise what it does NOT need. I have learned which foods are hard to digest and which can cause inflammation. It was a personal experiment in the start. I eliminated all processed and refined foods and ate only real food. It’s only then can you see your body have a reaction to something it doesn’t like, like wind, bloating, diarrhoea etc. When I think about a meal now and what to cook my hunger or craving for something does not drive me. It is the fuel aspect that drives me. I think about getting maximum nourishment with minimum effort. It is just fuel to function this body that carries me around.

What things do you now consider when you think about food?
I now consider food as fuel so think mainly about having a balanced plate and keeping it simple. I have a good-better-best approach to the foods I buy. Where I can, I source organic or free range, pasture raised meat and eggs. Failing that, I go for free range and then fill in the gaps where I can. Before I started working Sundays, I’d shop at the local farmers market, which was great. When I am preparing a meal I make sure I have a good source of protein, plenty of good fats and veggies. I have a fully stocked spice and dried herb drawer now, which gets a great workout. I keep my meals simple. Being a mum and working full time, I don’t have a lot of time to prepare. I grow my own herbs and did have a go at growing vegetables last summer but the area I live in is on clay and rock surrounded by large gum trees, and what nature didn’t take away, the possums did. I lost 12 broccoli plants in the space of a month. It was horrible.

Why do you think Paleo works so well at combating modern disease?
Because of the exclusion of processed foods, sugars, grains, dairy and legumes means the impact on the digestive system is low. Paleo works well as a preventative measure in developing the modern diseases—when we consider we are a product of our environment and what we eat. Before supermarkets and preservatives for shelf life sake we ate fresh food daily and ate when we were hungry. Two very important aspects of health and longevity.

What do you think is the biggest food myth most western societies still hold as true?
It still blows my mind that people think that fat makes you fat and that we need sugar to give us energy. It is maddening that the food triangle is still pushed down our throats by doctors and dieticians.

How has your family adapted to the change?
It was a slow approach to start with. Having two small kids was challenging, but each week I swapped one more thing from the “standard Australian diet” to the paleo way. Now my kids drink kombucha daily, they love their home made coconut yoghurt and their palettes have adjusted in the same way mine has. I get them involved when I am cooking so they can see where the food starts and then where it finishes. I have friends who tell me their kids wouldn’t cope, but my answer to that is, just don’t buy it. They can’t eat the wrong things if they are not in the pantry. 

What is the hardest part about sticking to a paleo eating plan?
I don’t find it hard at all. Once you find new ways of making delicious food it just becomes the new normal. I bake in larger batches and always pre-plan food. Making sure I have meat defrosting in the fridge for the next day or two. I guess going to a friend’s house for dinner can get tricky sometimes, but most friends know how we eat now and accommodate accordingly. The kids still eat things like pure grass fed beef sausages & only minimal rice. I focus on what I can control and try not to worry too much about what I can’t. When we go out during the day I always have a bag of prepared food for the kids, just in case.

Why did you decide to launch Pure Paleo the brand?
When I started my paleo journey I wanted to make little treats that the kids would enjoy and met my criteria. I had started making some “seedy biscuits” and the blasted things kept crumbling when I popped them out of the mould’s. Detesting food waste I started to munch on the crumbled bits. They tasted amazing. They tasted like the old style of toasted muesli I used to enjoy, pre-paleo. I got excited and started to develop this further, evolving it into the muesli it is today. 

What has the public reaction been to the product?
It has been absolutely phenomenal. In fact each week gains more and more momentum. I am still working full time in my fashion sales role and it has got to the point where my husband has come on board as part of the team to manage production and re-orders. I had been selling it to friends and family for many months prior to the launch, with rave reviews and multiple re-orders so I knew it was amazing, but opening it out to the general public has been something else. To attend a tasting and have people buy multiple bags after tasting it is so satisfying, I can’t tell you. 

What’s next for the Paleo Pure?
My business partner, Nicole, and I have been working on quite a few things. She has such a great influence on the products from a naturopathic perspective. We want to make sure products tick all the boxes and are 100% perfect before we launch. We are own best critics and are constantly experimenting and giving each other things to try, so it’s lots of fun too. Right now, we are releasing a range of premium trail mixes with a Paleo Pure twist and some other snack packs. Also, some fab muesli clusters – OMG – they are divine. We are also talking with some external people about some other ideas we have but can’t say too much just yet. You’ll have to wait and see. But it is all very exciting for the Paleo Pure brand.

Readers Reward: Subscribe to Bare Essentials for a chance to win one of two 500g Pure Paleo ‘fructose-free’ muesli’s.

For more details visit:

Fossil Restoration

In this series we explore the interplay between mind and movement, how neurological connections are formed and influenced by the way we sit, stand, and move!

Good posture is not just about aesthetics or obvious physiological benefits (i.e. breathing, muscle tension), studies recognise a correlation between alignment and better concentration, awareness and control.

Our guest expert introducing the series is Fiona Patterson, a yoga, tai chi, qigong instructor and the creator of ‘Salute the Desk’ a popular movement meditation app.

From the high-focus concentration of an air-traffic control officer, to the delicate precision of an archaeologist discerning the fine lines of a fossil—there are some professions that require the individual to be seated (sometimes at length).

So, if your job requires desk duty read on…

What’s wrong with sitting?

An increasing amount of research suggests that prolonged sitting has health implications far worse than simply attaining a more generous waistline.

While sitting can be comfortable, prolonged sitting can leave you feeling stiff and sore.

That’s because sitting at a desk all day, hammering on a keyboard, isn’t really something that is sympathetic to our body’s needs.

Modern humans have existed in our current anatomical form for around 200,000 years—and as an upright, walking ape for almost 2 million years. Our bodies have evolved through a Stone Age lifestyle—hunting and gathering in different environments.

Many things that we take for granted as definitively human are very recent cultural developments. In terms of a 2 million-year evolutionary timeline, planting crops occurred only in the last 15,000 years. This is the most likely period in which the chair and stool were invented. Personal computing, either sitting at a desk or hunched over a mobile screen, has been around for less than 25 years.

If the human evolutionary timeline was compressed into a single day—then the practice of sitting at a computer occupies the final 1.08 seconds of that day. Put in that context, it is impossible to assert that our bodies are naturally evolved to cope with prolonged sitting.

Sitting down, during most of our evolutionary history, involved squatting on our haunches, with open hips and feet flat to the ground. This is something that the majority of people in a western society would actually struggle to do.

Habitual squatting builds up leg muscles in a very different way to habitually sitting in a chair. Squatting builds strength in the quadriceps, the vastus medialis and vastus lateralis, as well as strength in the ankles and feet. It also builds flexibility through the lower back and pelvis.

Sitting in a chair, for most people, does nothing to build up strength in the legs—instead relying on fixing the muscles around the hip joints and lower back into whatever postural position is habitual. This causes relative tightness in muscle groups that are commonly associated with lower back pain, such as the psoas major, the adductors and the tensor fasciae late.

While sitting might seem comfortable, it’s the prolonged holding of these positions that causes problems. This includes the habitual way that we carry our upper body when working at a computer.

A good way to visualise how poor postural habits lead to chronic pain is to imagine holding a bottle of water.

Carrying a bottle around is easy, a bottle doesn’t weigh that much. However, what happens when you hold the bottle with the arm extended out to the side? It’s easy at first, but will progressively become harder the longer you hold out your arm. In fact, it’s hard to simply hold your arm out at an angle for a prolonged period even without a weight. The way your body performs routine activities makes a difference to how you cope with them.

Chronic pain due to bad posture is a similar thing. You don’t notice bad posture at first, and the time spent at a desk over the years gradually locks the muscles into a particular pattern of holding. This pattern may cause problems in the long run—either through using muscles and tendons in ways that ultimately cause strain, or through compromising the way you move when you are not at your desk. Many of the injuries people sustain while playing recreational sport can be traced back to issues such as tight hips and hamstrings, which might have their roots in poor seated posture.

An important factor is that many of us are not connected-in with our posture in the first place. This is exacerbated by stress and deadlines, where our focus is on completing a task rather than on how our body feels. In fact, stress itself can be associated with a range of postural bad habits—typically a tightening through the shoulders, neck and abdominal muscles.

All of that adds up to bad habits with physical consequences.

Sitting for prolonged periods doesn’t just change the way we use our muscles, it also changes the way the body functions. The latest research shows that our circulation and blood sugar levels are also impacted upon by sedentary behaviour, which has now been linked to a shorter life-span.

So what should I do?

Move around more—get up from your chair regularly and go for a bit of a walk. As well, follow some simple steps to achieve better seated posture.

The first is to build postural awareness.

Proprioception describes the brain’s internal, three-dimensional image of our body. It is a form of awareness, the sense of the relative position of different parts of the body, and the sense of the application of strength and movement.

Our proprioception can be trained and improved over time. It can also diminish from an optimal state.

For example, most of us walk with very little awareness. Mostly, when we are walking, we are thinking of where we are going and what we are going to do when we get there. Most of us do not train our proprioception while we walk, such as through focussing on how the heel strikes the ground or how the toes work to push off into a stride.

Typically, the only time we stop to think about such things is when we are recovering from injury. But it’s easy to try this out for yourself —the next time you are stressed, take a 10-minute walk focussing on nothing but how your body moves.

Think of it as the more advanced version of counting ten breaths.

A key component of developing unhealthy posture is ‘turning off’ our proprioception while seated at the desk.

Tuning in to your postural form will help to avoid long-term strain.

The next step is to train yourself in good seated posture—which we will explore in the next issue.

A new frontier for journalism

The potential for creative exploration in journalism via crowd-funding allows us to diversify into new discovery projects that expand our knowledge of the universe, explains science writer, Bruce Lieberman.

Last March, astronomers announced a stunning discovery: they’d found a ghostly light signal from a tiny fraction of a second after the Big Bang nearly 14 billion years ago.

The discovery needs to be validated by other astronomers and many are contesting it. But if it’s confirmed, we’ll have a new window on the beginning of space and time. The detection would be hard evidence for inflation, the idea that the universe expanded exponentially for a brief period right after the Big Bang. And if inflation actually happened, then our universe could be only one in an infinite number of universes.

Confused? Overwhelmed?

Astronomy is one of those subjects that can make you dizzy. It can also fill you with wonder, inspire you, and prompt you to think about our biggest questions. How did we get here? How did it all begin? Are we alone in the universe? How will it end?
I plan to tackle these questions and more in a six-part series on astronomy, to be published at the website Beacon over the next six months.

For this series to happen, I’m seeking the support of people across the globe who love astronomy and want to read about exciting, cutting-edge science.

Beacon provides a platform for crowd-funded journalism, a new model for supporting great nonfiction projects by connecting writers directly with readers. Writers have posted stories about climate change, Asia in the 21st century, the future of the Internet, and other subjects.

If I meet my fundraising target of $15,000 (USD) by Aug. 31, I’ll move forward with my series on astronomy.

My project idea began last March, shortly after the Big Bang discovery was announced. A friend asked me over lunch to explain it to him, and I left that talk realizing that many people want to know more about astronomy and cosmology but aren’t sure where to turn for explanations they can understand—and which entertain and inspire them.

Science reporting is facing tough times as newspapers, magazines and TV cut back on science reporting. Many news organizations now rely on “general assignment” reporters with no background in science to tackle complicated subjects that require expertise and good sourcing. As a result, the quality of a lot of science news has suffered.

I’m proposing this series as an independent journalist with 25 years experience in the news business and more than a decade writing about science. My work has appeared in Air & Space Magazine, Sky & Telescope, Scientific American, Nature and more.

I’ve traveled the world on assignment, most recently to Chile and its vast and desolate Atacama Desert to report on the new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, or ALMA, a massive new observatory designed in part to peer back in time to explore the early universe.

We are truly living in a Golden Age of Astronomy, when we have the theoretical knowledge and the technical capability to learn more than ever about the cosmos. The series I’ve conceived will cover our ideas about the very beginning to our speculations about the distant future. With access to leading astronomers and cosmologists around the world, I’ll give you an inside look at one of the most exciting and profound endeavors in human experience.

Here’s how the series will be broken down:

The Beginning: The Big Bang

In this first segment I’ll cover last March’s discovery, in terms most anyone can understand. I’ll discuss controversies over whether it’s real, and talk with cosmologists about what confirmation would mean for our understanding of the beginning of space and time – in our universe and others.

Light: First Stars & Galaxies

The universe began in a blaze of light and energy, but as it expanded the cosmos faded into darkness. Then the first stars lit up, beginning an epoch that cosmologists call “reionization.” Exactly how those stars ignited and how they assembled into the first galaxies is largely unknown. I’ll explain how we think the first stars pierced the darkness, and the first galaxies – precursors to modern ones like our Milky Way – appeared.

Life: Searching for Earth 2.0

We are approaching the day when we’ll turn on the morning news and hear that astronomers have found signs of life beyond Earth. Many astronomers are confident of this, and in this segment I’ll tell you why. I’ll discuss how 21st century science and technology is leading to discoveries of planets beyond our solar system, and what it could mean for us to learn we are not alone.

Fragility: Protecting Home

All of us remember the startling images and video of a meteor exploding over Chelyabinsk, Russia in February 2013. An asteroid collision with Earth brought an end to the dinosaurs, and the risks haven’t gone away. In this segment I’ll tell you about the odds of a large asteroid hitting Earth today, the potential consequences, and a private group of former NASA engineers and astronauts that wants to launch a space telescope dedicated to finding threatening asteroids so we can stop them before it’s too late.

The End: Into Darkness

Several billion years ago, the expansion of the universe began to speed up. Why this happened and what’s driving this accelerated expansion is one of the biggest puzzles in cosmology. I’ll check in with some leading astronomers studying this unknown force, called dark energy, and discuss what this continued expansion could mean for the fate of our universe.

Reflections on the Sky

The beauty of a truly dark sky can be mesmerizing, and the night sky inspires a sense of awe in anyone who’s contemplated what’s out there. In this essay that concludes the series, I’ll reflect on what keeps us gazing skyward, why it has such a hold on me and other amateur astronomers, and how anyone can learn to appreciate the cosmos above their heads.

For more information about his proposed series and how to support it, see:

African Wildlife Special Issue

Certain places reflect the well-being of our world more obviously than others—as with the nature of Africa. Here is a land once abundant with wildlife, now harbouring species close to extinction. What of the wonders that were so prolific?

In this special edition on African wildlife we explore the catalysts for change on the dark continent. Photographer and conservationist Beverly Joubert shares her ‘Life with LIONS’ (pg. 61) offering unique perspective on the land she calls home.

The passion of youth finds a voice in 16-year-old Amy Timmerman, who insightfully explains ‘Why Africa’s Animals need an International Protection Plan’ (pg. 98).

Dale Morris portrays the curious wonders of an ancient island in ‘Many Faces of Madagascar’ (pg. 103).

In all its majesty, Africa is a place that conjures romantic images of untamed grander—but the contrast is dark and deep, with nature at risk from pervasive crime and conflict. It is my sincere hope that the stories within this issue compel united efforts, inspire individuals and councils to raise their voices on behalf of wildlife—for in preserving the nature of Africa, we give hope to the well-being of our world.

This edition is dedicated to raising awareness and support for Africa’s wildlife.
If you enjoy the issue, please share it with your friends.

Inga Yandell, Chief Editor Bare Essentials Magazine